Bulgaria occupies a portion of the eastern Balkan peninsula, bordering five countries – Greece and Turkey to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north. The land borders have a total length of 1,808 kilometres, and the coastline has a length of 354 kilometres. It’s total area of 110,994 km2.
The most notable topographic features are the Danubian Plain, the Balkan Mountains, the Thracian Plan , and the Rhodope Mountains. The southern edge of the Danubian Plan slopes upward onto the foothills of the Balkans, while the Danube defines the border with Romania. The Thracian Plain is roughly triangular, beginning southeast of Sofia and broadening as it reaches the Black Sea coast.
The Balkan mountains run laterally through the middle of the country.
The mountainous southwest of the country has two alpine ranges – Rila and Pirin, which border the lower but more extensive Rhodope Mountains to the east. The highest point of Bulgaria it is Musala, at 2,925 metres and it’s lowest point is sea level. The country has a dense network of about 540 rivers, most of which are relative small and with low water levels. The longest river – Iskar – has a length of 368 kilometres (229 mi).
Bulgaria has a temperate continental climate with moderate features which is characteristic for Central Europe, with hot summer, long, cold winters and very distinct seasons. Abundant snowfalls may occur throughout the country from December to mid-March, especially if you are in the mountains areas of Bulgaria.
The annual average temperature depends on latitude and ranges from 8C in the North and 11C in the South, with temperatures of 2.6C in the mountains and 12C in the plains. In general, the warmest areas are in the southern district of Bulgaria, influenced by the nearby mediterranean sea. Daytime temperatures vary from 0-5C in the winter and 25-30C in summer months.
The interaction of climatic, hydrological, geological and topographical conditions have produced a relatively wide variety of plant and animales species. Bulgaria is one of the countries with highest biodiversity in Europe. Nearly of 35% of its land area consist of forests, where some of the oldest trees in the world, such as Baikushev’s pine and the Granit oak, grow. Most of the plant and animals life is central European, although representatives of Arctic and Alpine species are present at high altitudes.
Member of European Community since 2007.
Capital of Bulgaria- Sofia( 1,1 million)
Currency in Bulgaria- LEV ( 1 Lev = 100 stotinki)
Airports in Bulgaria.
Sofia International Airport ( SOF/ BULGARIA)
Varna international Airport ( VAR/ BULGARIA)
Plovdiv international Airport( PDV/ BULGARIA)
Burgas international Airport ( BOJ/ BULGARIA)